The art of pottery and ceramics

Is the art of pottery from the evidence inherent and distinctive
of the civilizations of the world; it reflects the degree of development and
civilization.


And pottery, although it is the simplest forms of art, is in fact the most
difficult character.


Is simpler because it has the nature of the primitive, and because they are
common among the public.


However, it is more difficult; because they involve a form of abstraction.

Pottery has become a common in Egypt since prehistoric times, and the beginning
of the Egyptian presence in the Delta and the Nile Valley.


Can archaeological history of the chronology of the most ancient civilizations
through pottery; for the method of manufacture and decoration, before the
prevalence of writing.

The oldest types of pottery were made manually, from the mud, and then left to
dry under the sun.


After the discovery of fire, the pottery burn; to become more solid and durable,
and longer-lived.


And invented the potter's wheel in the era of the old state; to be managed in
the left hand, while the pottery is the right hand.


In the earlier periods of Egyptian civilization, the pieces typically decorated
pottery; forms and animal forms of complex and trim engineering, plant and
animal color.

Pottery WheelAnd the beginning of the Fourth Dynasty, the less attention to decoration and
manufacture of ordinary pottery for daily use.

Since the porous pottery, artists have money to use a glass ornament for the
production of ceramics known as Egypt; that was made by adding silicon sand
layer and the transparent glass, and preferably painted blue and green.


Then received less attention pottery industry during the era of the modern
state; and replaced glassware decorated pottery, remained during the Ptolemaic
and Roman times.

Then came the Fatimid era to flourish industry faience "faience", which carries
a fee and a wonderful decoration forms in humans and birds, animals and plants;
as well as geometric shapes and lines spoken technical kaffiyeh, the spectacle
of dance, music and fishing.


As depicted by some of the daily social activities; such as logging and cockpit.

It has met with particular attention to the craft during the reign of the
Ayyubid; Thus was born the Ayyubid faience "Porcelain."

Handbuilt Ceramics: Pinching * Coiling * Extruding * Molding * Slip Casting * Slab Work( A Lark Ceramics Book)We have known this type of porcelain Btinth soft and exquisite glass decoration,
flooring, green, black ornaments, and fees for the wonderful plants and birds
and animals.

Appeared on the porcelain in the Mamluk era images of animals lying on the
floral mimic nature; painted blue and black under the glaze: In order to give
the impression of Persian art, and the decorations such as dragons and birds
punishment.


The Egyptian faience industry declined after the Turkish conquest
in 1517, when imported large quantities of Chinese porcelain through Asia Minor

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