Composition of the ceramic art form
There are ways used in ancient configuration process, which begins mass mud and ending Ballerina or as artistic giant formed, and for this we find three ways, namely: forming by hand, forming a wheel, and forming molding and casting, and is forming hand technique most ancient and most simply where they are building vessels for example configures ropes of mud damage to spiral and takes the form of loops successive settled by hand to be the walls of the container, and uses the potter a number of simple tools consisting of wood Smokeless and Almakect, in the case of the formation of the business relatively large statues that emptied from the inside so as not to distort or crack and explode during firing.
At the level of archaeological discoveries, to point out that the large numbers of old pots by hand problem, which date back to the period between the sixth millennium and the third millennium BC. M., express harmony in the aesthetic elements and upscale reflect the capabilities of the ancient potters in that period.
The composition of the wheel goes back to the second half of the fourth millennium BC. M., and the first primitive form of potter's wheel (wheel) discovered in Mesopotamia, and started to be used in the ancient world after that, and in the first it was a cupboard manually move the hand, a fixed base The disc collects mobile vertical axis, and the back of the cupboard after a disks that moves by foot is the most sophisticated and still using to this day.
He helped discover the cupboard rapid potters ancient control rule and limited function hands on the settlement and the formation of dough clay better, and it must be noted here that the wheel allows the formation of business pottery circular section only, With regard aftershocks piece ceramic (Kalmsb or Alzloma or neck or base of high or refinery) , they are made in isolation from the bowl and form a single, then added to it and stuck after that dry out a bit by soft mud.
The technical molding and shaping through the template prepared for the purpose of tissue and re-production numbers many of the same model is an ancient technique also used widely in the Mediterranean basin, as indicated by the archaeological discoveries in downtown Beirut, for example, Valqalb made from model has been shaped by hand or a wheel, was concocted and turned to fill out the mud grilled (pottery), and can potter through pressure quantity of mud stretched over the mold and pressed by hand in order to take the form of the model, and the magnitude sometimes forms of decorative produce multiple models and repeated the same form, and in the more complex cases require model the process of forming different, and are segmented work depending on the nature of the elements of the model, and in both cases requires completion of the artwork ceramic intervention potter final, so as to address the surface after molding to settle the bumps, and directed by piece form technical to be her, and surface treatment are in the three cases to form a piece that was by hand or on a cupboard or in a manner molding, designed this process to refine the work ceramic and make it homogeneous and soft and is done after the dry dough bit by wooden or stone or bone, and contribute to this way of clogging pores, and it becomes the pot less permeable to fluids and less susceptible to nominated . To reach outstanding results, the Potters baptized to prepare liquid clay soils of different colors are used coat and called the term archaeological lining (Engobe / Slip) coated by the artwork before firing often constitutes paint in this case envelope earns wall a new color different from the color of the dough, and place This process in several ways: either be submerged vessel in the basin of liquid mud, either to extend the liquid on its surface by brush or a piece of leather or fabric.
About author: Rafat Wahba