Tools and equipment to made a pottery
When you begin pottery industry, you need to essential tools are simple and few. The other tools can be purchased when needed later. Tools needed for public use are: a bucket, a deep time (bowl), a small time, pitchers measurable, spiral (machine to rotate the base work).
You need to balance the weight of the clay expands to five kilograms at least, and a pot of plastic water while you work on the wheel, and several pieces of sponge different sizes. The pot plastic to cut excess clay falling from the cupboard, and needles or pins for decoration, and pieces of metal and rubber for smooth, wire cutter to remove the pots from the cupboard, and Calliper (a tool for measuring the thickness of thing).
Circuit card, and transparent paper, scissors, and a huge plastic bottle to save plastic clay where, and scales, and sieves and mortar and a piece of cloth absorbable, and a wooden board.
If you want to use the economy palette knife and wooden kitchen cooking and cloth redundant. Hand tools appropriate necessary. See the purchase of tools, features, and its operational effectiveness and compare several catalogs.
At first, dealing with pottery style initially to have the opportunity to test you rule defines how much time remains flexible and when to start Baltsda. Pottery needs to deal cautiously and not to increase the duration of the work done and once again become only the cut.
Must be fixed workbench, with a solid surface waterproof. And cover with oiled smooth surface; so as not to affect the edges of clay acute warming - that leave scratches on painted wood - on this surface or wounding him. If you find that the situation is still dangerous to go to work wooden board, place a piece of cloth under the pottery in order not to adhere to the surface wooden. When you have finished work piece is, put it on a small wooden board, put a piece of cloth to absorb a second excess water in addition to separate the two surfaces.
First - Cut the clay from the basic template by wire, and use a kitchen knife to teething operations and straightening and cutting.
The next phase includes the use of the potter's wheel, which you can rotate the piece and work out from all sides, making skilled craftsmen can wheel themselves. But put forms of wheels in the markets of steel, and steel cast, and aluminum. It is available in diameter (20-30 cm) and some of them bracket helps to spin smoothly and bounds. You can buy wheels without bracket or the position is suitable for use school or home. The benefit of this type can save after use in a closet or on a shelf, and the wheels are triangular position stand-alone control and appreciate.
It is important to put a piece of cloth between the pottery wheel and makes it easier to remove them later.
Use ready-made panels for cutting plaster helps to absorb excess water is better than wood planks.
It will become clear to you through your attempts primary in the ceramics industry need for a tool at your fingertips.
Tools for modeling (configuration) Nhitan Mokhtfatta shape. Select tool - based on your need - have a long spoon and mending parties for various purposes of cutting and shaping tools straightening make the best of boxwood or ebony. Whenever harder wood, it was easier to deal with him.
There is also a simple plastic models but soon stand unable to meet your purposes (may be sufficient for the purposes of the school).
There are also a variety of knives, especially pottery industry, and the broad knife remains the best.
You need to buy at least three types of tools with a loop in the end and a variety of tools and modeling the formation process of grinding and removal of clay from work, and cavity blocks thick. When the rough tools, use sharp tools. You can these tools Shaping shapes somewhat thin, and engraving your initials and the date on the basis of the resulting work. There are tools alternative needles knitting, defect teeth. If you want to make holes for the round pieces that are attached or models, Waechter cutters holes and only use the tool cavity apples.
According thorns also in the making of models with scratches and drilled and coarse. I work very carefully so as not to form part extracted work. Preparation and the formation of segments of clay you need to stage a rolling clay.
There are two types of tools tweaking (rolling); piece with two handles help to change attitudes and other simple rounded diameter (35 mm), for segments of identical, then work both ways, and for slices thick proportionate, cut clay arc cutter of the cluster core.
When used method of claim Turning Tools you need to help more like a wave turnings and sponges. Turning Tools like routers forming and anthropomorphism are made of hardwood (but some are made of plastic or metal) select what suits you, it is also necessary during turning a two buckets of water and a sponge to absorb excess moisture, preferably natural sponge. You will need to stick to the sponge collage vases long.
Tools refine pottery (glaze):
The work is well polished aesthetic value but work poorly polished Veoda perfectly Maker, that good tools key to success, and here you need for various types of brushes - do not try the economy.
Be polishing brush width (75 mm) and enough brush width (25 mm) for most surfaces.
Buy a brush glaze different for each process to avoid washing after every time when decorate pieces of finished and that the process of refining a full, medium or normal then you need to brushes with animal hair soft or very soft. Suffice initially brushes regular, but to get the best results you need to brush more expensive.
Can be the first attempts to refine the spray paint spray tool. To add substance refinement, you use the sieve, when mixed materials for polishing, raw materials, etc., always cringe anti-dust mask to protect the mouth because these materials contain the toxic gases.
When the workshop, the first thing you need to lie faucet water and laundry, and shelves are also required to put the pieces ready to dry them. Private ribbed shelves that allow the passage of air from the bottom, you should also get a table fixed to address the clay.
The clay that you want to keep it for a long time, you should provide containers waxed and sealed to large amounts of it, and the small quantities is sufficient plastic sheeting left over from the clay you have purchased before. You can save material refinement in glass containers with a wide neck and a paint in containers smaller.
You also need tools for small ruler long, and a hammer and chisel, and sandpaper, and an overwhelming wheel, as well as drills and pliers.
Wheels ceramists and furnaces Tools largest and need considerations minutes. Ask the advice of your purchase with shopkeepers competent.
There wheels run underfoot and other electric motor, electric wheel are also available at the top of a table which is suitable for making small pieces.
For furnaces, there are copies electric variety is very large. Working gas furnace gas propane and its many uses, but necessary to do so.
And watch out for ways to discharge gas burning, and each type there are pieces Bricks private, pillar oven or position where trio placed pots for nothing. You will need to finally gloves when constipation Bakaddor hot.
Before the process of polishing the oven, cover the pieces brick thermal lotion certain prevent the flow of material refinement lenses to pieces brick precious. But if you can not or do not want to buy an oven you can use such facilities from local craft Assembly.
Test the resiliency of clay:
To test the flexibility of clay; Take a handful of clay, wrapped in a vertical Kosaba sausage, then Atnha and watch what happens to them.
Forming and decorating clay:
Basic ways to work with clay:
The most basic ways kneading clay and add plastic; Fjn clay is very important as a choice right kind of clay. The clay is made by mixing machines in the labs. Then put on the market in the ultra-packed plastic sheeting, weigh these scrolls usually (10 kg).
Although the pottery had been prepared well; washed and Mzoja, what still needs to knead. The purpose of kneading is D and dissemination of salts in the clay chips are small along the material and make them take complex internally uniform can get such a kneading when mixing clay for the first time with clay heat and water.
We can not avoid the process of kneading, because of its primary function also make clay more flexible, and the expulsion of air bubbles that remain in some of the articles.
And her mischievous role during the process of thing where expands the impact of high temperature and if you do find an outlet through the pores are broken piece easily.
Another problem may Tkablk during the process of turning (rotation on the wheel) where you can pay centrifugal force air bubbles to form outside Vitshuh much as made.
Before kneading, take a large piece of clay weighs about (10 kg), and placed on a table beneath a fixed position wire cutter and then Ajzbh to the top so that the cut piece of the middle. Place one piece Almtsawitin above the other and start Bajn. After that, Mark is a quarter circle clay to the left and repeat the process. Then use the wire cutter again the same way.
Put blocs of pottery over each other again and Knead piece with four layers after the following process will have Hani layers, and with time will be repeated the process 20 times and have a mass of very flexible.
Another way to prepare less discomfort clay, but you can not use this method only with small quantities; Cut a piece by (1-2 kg) of the cluster core Ajnha on the table Wolff clay on some snail shell is. It is important to work in one direction only so as not to collect excess air bubbles.
Clay is soft washed with plenty of water. And requests of this type of clay sticky when arrived lines clay to form chips or to make repairs.
As you work with clay, you'll find some crumbs falling clay and dries very quickly.
Collect this crumbs and put it in a jar and cover with water waxed and two hours later will become dry residue paste pottery soft or Salsala to DNA. Keep Paljrh tarpaulins always ready for any emergency like this. To maintain balance with evaporation Add amount of water from time to time. Must be a plastic clay strength and intensity of the dough is not liquid.
Can clay plastic union with any work casserole easily. Scrape shapes that will unite together with a fork and then covered with a layer of clay and plastic affixed together by pressing the light.
Cut slides that will include both edges jagged - then add a lot of clay plastic to the parties and reach to get in touch very closely Put a strip of thin clay in place of contact.
Performs plastic clay to coarse parts and grooved from work and the associated very closely. Leave any surplus flowing plastic clay to dry and then Akeshth knife. If Oazelth before it dries had been working for failure.
You can not join two pieces together without plastic clay.
From clay to porcelain:
The following procedure is consistent and durable, tried several times until it becomes natural, it is difficult to make in this area without mastering these steps:
Knead the clay.
Remove the required amount of clay and shape in the form of a ball.
Formation piece Authority required.
If necessary put some decoration, do it now as long as the clay soft and can scratch, put your signature, or stamp, arrived the pieces together.
If your cavity piece thickness greater than (2 cm) in order to remove air bubbles reserved. In order to do this operation swear piece into two wire cutter, and before cutting marking along the line so that you can re-chipping for Sqhma together accurately.
An overabundance of clay from the inside by Mhhafe (knife) and the remaining walls are thicker borders (4-10 mm), depending on the type of piece.
Prepared paste parts together by plastic clay and make a hole out of which the air expanding.
Now is the time coloring work, a time when the clay firmly skin.
Place a piece of work produced on the shelf with caution to dry. Clay becomes fragile when it dries so requires special care to deal with it, use both hands to catch any piece. Do not try to carry the work of the potter linked parts or parts from candleholder are very thin and break directly. Can not fix broken parts at this stage almost.
Thing without refinement: Once dry the pieces so carefully placed in the oven and subjected to fire, then cools the oven and continue cutting. More severe of the above, however, do not try to catch her thin areas.
Here are polishing and coloring work.
The final thing after refinement.
It can remove the pieces ended at this stage of the furnace, although there is some refinement drops hanging on the base remove it on the wheel polishing (overwhelming) or by paper glass. Committed caution because the material refinement sharp
About author: Rafat Wahba